Tsentrosoyuz building in Moscow

Friends, today we will continue our acquaintance with the architectural monuments of the Russian capital. This time, the protagonist of our story will be the only building in our country built by the renowned French architect Le Corbusier.

Tsentrosoyuz building in Moscow
Tsentrosoyuz building in Moscow

The builder of the construction was the renowned Le Corbusier
The builder of the construction was the renowned Le Corbusier

The entrance to the building
The entrance to the building

How to Get There by Metro

The address of the building is 39 Myasnitskaya Street. The metro transfer hub "Sretensky Bulvar" - "Turgenevskaya" - "Chistye Prudy" and the station "Krasnye Vorota" are within walking distance from here. Nowadays, government agencies are located in the building: the Federal State Statistics Service and the Federal Financial Monitoring Service. You can try to find companies that offer tours of its interiors.

The monument to the architect
The monument to the architect

Air conditioners on the facade — a sign of the times
Air conditioners on the facade — a sign of the times

View from Academician Sakharov Avenue
View from Academician Sakharov Avenue

A Bit of History

Architect Le Corbusier (real name - Charles-Édouard Jeanneret) is, in my opinion, one of the most famous architects of the 20th century. The master is well known for creating the five principles of modern architecture, which were published in the 1920s. According to the architect's idea, buildings should be supported on columns, have ribbon windows, an open floor plan, a flat roof for recreational use, and a free facade.

The Tsentrosoyuz building in Moscow was built from 1928 to 1936. In addition to Le Corbusier, the project of the complex involved P. Jeanneret and N. Kolli. The building was intended for the Central Union of Cooperative Societies. Later, the People's Commissariat of Light Industry was located here. I came across mentions that the building on Myasnitskaya was the largest office complex in Europe at that time.

The varying shapes of the building volumes look very unusual
The varying shapes of the building volumes look very unusual

The Tsentrosoyuz building in Moscow was built from 1928 to 1936
The Tsentrosoyuz building in Moscow was built from 1928 to 1936

I came across mentions that the building on Myasnitskaya was the largest office complex in Europe at that time
I came across mentions that the building on Myasnitskaya was the largest office complex in Europe at that time

Le Corbusier himself visited Moscow in 1929 and 1930. After that, the construction supervision of the complex was carried out by the Soviet architect Kolli. Today, a monument to Le Corbusier in front of the eastern facade of the building reminds us of the author of the project. The sculpture was installed in 2015.

The massive Tsentrosoyuz building is located between Myasnitskaya Street and Academician Sakharov Avenue. Its southern and northern facades differ significantly in shape, but both are perceived as main ones. Interestingly, initially the ground floor of the complex was not built up.

In the work on the complex project, P. Jeanneret and N. Kolli were involved
In the work on the complex project, P. Jeanneret and N. Kolli were involved

The address of the building is 39 Myasnitskaya Street
The address of the building is 39 Myasnitskaya Street

The interior arrangement of the complex was also unusual
The interior arrangement of the complex was also unusual

The interior of the building is also unusual: pedestrian ramps and paternoster lifts - continuously moving open cabins going up and down - were located inside. I don't know if they have survived to this day, but I have come across information that there have been many redesigns here over time.

Immediately after its construction, the Tsentrosoyuz building was criticized by contemporaries for its "bourgeois" character; today, however, it is included in the Unified State Register of Cultural Heritage Sites.

Interestingly, initially the ground floor of the complex was not built upon
Interestingly, initially the ground floor of the complex was not built upon

Western facade
Western facade

View from Sretensky Boulevard
View from Sretensky Boulevard

Have a nice trip!

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